The Geography of Brussels
Brussels is bordered by the Walloon and Flemish regions, surrounded by the Senne River Valley and is located approximately 60 miles (97 kilometers) away from the North Sea. The city of Brussels is more or less like a pentagon shape that surrounded by wide avenues (Ring Petit) built on the site of the ancient walls.
The capital of Belgium and the county of Brabant, on the Senne, Brussels has a population of over 1 million inhabitants. Let’s talk about the city of Brussels for the city, and the Brussels Capital Region for the neighborhood. The regions are part of institutions in Belgium are very complex, the people of Brussels have to live and work along with inhabitants of Flanders and the French community. Brussels is also the capital of Flanders and the French Community Wallonia-Brussels.
A “language frontier” divides Belgium along an imaginary line between the cities of Courtrai-Brussels-Maastricht in a north region of the Dutch-speaking and French-speaking south (Wallonia). The Flemish population represents between 15 and 18% of Brussels (but 60% of Belgium), the rest of the population (80%) is composed French-Speaking-Walloons.
Brussels city is divided into two segments – Lower Town and Upper Town.
The Lower Town is based on the Senne Valley and is the principal place of business and industries, and it includes the historical heritage of the city.
The Upper Town, on the eastern slopes of the valley, is mainly residential and Government holding the building of Parliament, Royal Palace and the offices of the Ministries.
Brussels has a temperate climate with four seasons spanning the whole year. Because of its proximity to the coast, Brussels has a temperate climate all year-round, which unfortunately results in a lot of gray skies and rainy weather with the average low at 1°C in winter and only 23°C in summer. The winds tend to be slightly stronger in winter, but the most consistent weather pattern would be the rain. Snow is possible, but it does not happen very often. The hottest months are July and August when the temperatures can reach 22 ° C (72 ° F), but can also be the wettest with heavy rainfall. There is also plenty of rain during the winter months and temperatures dropping to 4-7°C (39-45°F).
The heart of Brussels, in the lower town, the Grand Place, a large square surrounded by medieval and Renaissance buildings. These include the ornate Hôtel de Ville (town hall) and a number of gold in the guild halls. In the upper town, in front of Brussels Park, is the parliament building, government ministries, and the royal palace with the king’s office. The royal residence, surrounded by an immense park, is situated in Laeken, a commune in the north.